How Travel Type Affects Fares

There are several types of simple and complex itineraries that can be booked using Universal API.

Important! Some suppliers may not support a specific type of itinerary. For example, many ACH suppliers support only One-Way or Round-Trip itineraries.

Simple Itineraries

There are three types of simple itineraries:



When flying from your origin to your destination, there are two options:

It is the last option that generates a lot of complications with fares. When you land en route, the stop can take the following forms:

For example, in the routing EDI-BM/M-LHR-QF/Y-SIN-QF/Y-SYD:

The routing may show only the points traveled and omit the carrier/class designation (e.g., EDI-LHR-SIN-SYD).

Transits and Stopovers

If your plane touches down and you transfer to another plane (either online or interline), you have two options:

A transit normally displays in the routing with a lower case x (e.g., LHR-xSIN-SYD or LHR-(x)SIN-SYD).

Open Jaw and Surface Trips

In the Simple Travel section, a return trip was described as flying from your origin to your destination and back to your origin; your destination could also be referred to as your point of turnaround. There is another type of travel called Open Jaw (OJ) in which you return to a different airport than where you originated, or you leave from a different airport than where you arrived. This type of travel is called Open Jaw because your air routing looks like an open mouth (from the side) if you draw the routing on a map.

Note: There is no need to specify the fare type for an Open Jaw, as automated pricing of the itinerary prices the correct fare type.

For example, when routing an open jaw journey, you are flying from London Heathrow (LHR) to Paris (CDG) and then flying from Paris to Manchester (MAN). Your air routing is:





In the example above, the open jaw occurs at the origin, which is called an Origin Open jaw (OOJ). An open jaw at your destination is called a turnaround open jaw/destination open jaw (TOJ)

The following example is an open jaw that occurs at the destination. For example, you are traveling from London Heathrow to Sydney, Australia (SYD). You decide to take a train from Sydney to Brisbane and then return to London. The train trip from Sydney to Brisbane is referred to as a surface sector, which is any part of your journey in which the mode of travel is not flying. Surface sector travel can include non-flight options such as ship or boat. Your routing is:





When you have an open jaw at either the origin or destination, you have a Single Open Jaw (SOJ). If you have an open jaw at both the origin and destination, you have a Double Open Jaw (DOJ).





Note: See also:

Complex Travel

A special form of return trip is a Circle Trip (CT). A circle trip is a return trip that usually includes multiple stops along the route of travel before returning to the point of origin. For example, London to Australia via Asia on the way out and Australia to London via the United States on way back.

A Round The World (RTW) fare is a fare with no destination or, where the origin and the destination are the same. You are traveling around the world and as long as you are within the rules of your ticket, the RTW fare applies. The RTW fare specifies a number of details, including how many times you can stop and how many miles you can fly.